GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is the most popular and powerful image editor on the Linux platform. It benefits from detailed official documentation, as well as a huge number of community-made tutorials and dedicated websites.
The latest stable series, 2.6.x, include several UI improvements, new filters, and the introduction of the GEGL (Generic Graphics Library) framework.
Although the version which comes with Debian Lenny (2.4.7) is stable enough and full-featured, if you want the latest release you can easily compile your own version by following the steps below.
1. Install build-essential and the development libraries
apt-get install build-essential
Next, make sure the sources repositories are enabled (there should be a line which starts with deb-src in /etc/apt/sources.list), for example:
deb-src ftp://ftp.ro.debian.org/debian/ lenny main contrib non-free
Update the package lists:
Install the development libraries:
apt-get build-dep gimp
Install additional dependencies:
apt-get install libgegl-0.0-dev
3. Download the source code
Download the GIMP 2.6.6 source tarball from here, then uncompress it:
tar -xjf gimp-2.6.6.tar.bz2
4. Compile and install GIMP 2.6.6
To compile and install GIMP, just issue the usual commands inside the gimp-2.6.6 directory:
The last one as root. You can also install as normal user using the --prefix parameter, e.g.: